Previous Abstract | Next Abstract
Printable Version
October 24, 2015
10:00:00 AM - 12:00:00 PM
Room Hall B2-Area C
Twitter-augmented Anesthesiology Journal Club: Educational Engagement and Experience So Far
Daniel W. Moyse, M.D., Jeffrey M. Taekman, M.D., Charles A. Peery, M.D., Ankeet D. Udani, M.D.
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States
Disclosures: D.W. Moyse: None. J.M. Taekman: None. C.A. Peery: None. A.D. Udani: None.

The majority of anesthesiology trainees are digital natives. Educators want to harness the advantages of technology to improve learning. Advantages of augmenting curricula with social media include: learner familiarity with platforms such as Twitter and Facebook, 24/7 access, and ability to share with a diverse, global, user group. We used Twitter to augment a traditional anesthesiology journal club and studied its impact on the anesthesiology community and residents.


The Twitter-augmented journal club (TwitterJC) took place over 7 days. On Days 1 though 4, a daily question was posted on Twitter by the moderators to generate online discussion surrounding the article. All Twitter users could participate including residents. The one-hour classroom portion of TwitterJC took place on Day 5 and resembled a traditional journal club, except that a moderator tweeted important discussion points in real-time.

Descriptive data of the Twitter hashtag #AnesJC was gathered using Symplur (Upland, CA) and TweepsMap (Toronto, ON). #AnesJC was included in every tweet generated by users participating in the TwitterJC. Analytics include the number of total tweets generated, unique twitter-users, location of twitter-users, and averages of tweets per hour.

We studied social media use and educational practices of anesthesia residents for journal club using three voluntary surveys: one given a week prior to TwitterJC, one immediately after the classroom portion of TwitterJC, and a final survey after a traditional journal club two months after TwitterJC.


The TwitterJC took place between January 18 and January 25, 2015. Over seven days, 149 tweets were generated using #AnesJC by 26 unique Twitter users located in 3 countries, Each participant generated an average of 6 tweets. Overall 1 tweet was generated each hour during that week. Over the month surrounding TwitterJC, 42 unique twitter users participated and generated 219 tweets.

38 of 41 anesthesiology residents enrolled and completed one survey, 17 of 41 completed two surveys, and 9 of 41 completed all three surveys. On enrollment, 26 of 36 (72.2%) of residents did not use Twitter. Residents that used Twitter (10 of 36) reported using Twitter professionally for an average of 0.7 minutes (SD 1.5) per day.

Controlling for prior professional Twitter use, 1 of 16 (6.3%) residents initiated use of Twitter prior to entering the classroom portion of the TwitterJC, 3 of 16 (18.8%) used Twitter in the classroom, and 12 of 16 (75.0%) responded ‘Yes’ or ‘Maybe’ when asked if they planned to use Twitter to follow the journal club discussion after the classroom portion.

Two months after TwitterJC, controlling for professional use of Twitter prior to enrollment, 2 of 8 (25%) residents initiated professional use of Twitter. Also two months after the TwitterJC a total of 9 out of 15 (60%) surveyed residents reported using Twitter professionally for an average of 29.4 minutes (SD 38.5) per day.

Residents spent an average of 61.4 minutes (SD 33.5) over 1.2 days (SD 0.5) preparing for the TwitterJC. They spent an average of 40.0 minutes (SD 28.2) over 0.8 days (SD 0.4) preparing for a traditional journal club.

Residents planned to spend an average of 29.8 minutes (SD 29.5) over 1.1 days (SD 1.6) discussing the TwitterJC after the classroom portion. They planned to spend an average of 25.0 minutes (SD 24.6) over 0.7 days (SD 0.9) discussing the traditional journal club after the classroom portion.


A Twitter-augmented journal club provides an innovative platform for trainees and the global anesthesiology community to engage in education, discuss critical concerns, and share expertise. Notably, our experience so far suggests residents are willing to use social media to augment their education.

Copyright © 2015 American Society of Anesthesiologists